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到底何为风险投资

中华生意网 ‖投资顶级网 添加时间:2009/7/16 11:36:44 点击:1015

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t"风险资本是指那些投入到具有巨大发展潜力的新的或年轻的高技术公司中去的资金。事实上,并不是所有高技术产业的投资都是风险投资。严格意义上的风险投资,S
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t"是同技术创新形影相随,是专门指高技术产业中那些把高科技的创造发明第一次商品化、企业化的风险投资。因此以前人们习惯于把高技术投资等同于风险投资,其S
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t"实并不确切。S
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t"风险投资的对象一般为刚刚起步或还未起步的高技术企业或高技术产品,有时甚至是创业家的一个颇有希望的高科技创新的想法,没有固定资产或资金作为货款的抵押和担保,因而,风险投资是没有担保的投资。因此风险资本无法从传统的融资渠道中获得。S
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t"按照美国《企业管理百科全书》的定义,风险投资是S
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t"投向不能从传统来源,诸如股票市场,银行或与银行相似的机构(如租赁公司或商业经纪人)获得资本的工商S
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t"企业的投资行为S
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t",由于风险投资没有抵押和担保,而所投资的对象又常常是高技术中的那些种子技术,某种创新思想和尚未起步或刚刚起步的创新小企业,存在的S
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t"不确定因素很多,因此具有高风险的特点。这一特点具体表现为以下三方面风险:S
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t"一是技术风险,某项技术创新有无必胜的把握?能否真正办成企业和实现产品生产?会不会出现技术误导而造成损失呢?S
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t"二是市场风险,新产品是否能为市场和消费者所接受?消费者接受和适应此产品到底需要多久?新产品将具有怎样的竞争力?新产品新技术的生命周期将会多长?S
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t"三是财务风险,首先是风险投资能否保证?接着是成本A


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